These cows, named Pauline and Prcieuse, belong to the Canadienne breed. Developed by farmers in France during the 16th and 17th centuries, the cattle were first imported from Normandy and later from Britanny and Gascony. The cattle, well suited to Quebec’s harsh winters, were used for milk, meat and farm work for approximately three hundred years. With a rise in Canada’s population and urbanization in the mid1800’s, the demand for milk could not be met by the Canadienne because the cow was not an efficient milk producer. Farmers began to crossbred the Canadienne with bigger milk producers.