This is fawzi academy in this tutorial, we will talk about normal childbirth. the process of normal childbirth, Is categorized in three stages of labour, The shortening and dilation of the cervix, Descent and birth of the infant, And the expulsion of the placenta, First stage, The latent phase is the point at which the woman perceives regular uterine contractions, The onset of active stage of labour, Was changed from 3 to 4 cm to 5 cm of cervical dilation, And 6 cm for nulliparous women. Or having contractions more frequent, than every 5 minutes. Full dilation is reached when the cervix has widened enough to allow passage of the baby’s head,.
Around 10 cm dilation. second stage, Fetal expulsion, As pressure on the cervix increases, Women may have the sensation of pelvic pressure, An urge to begin pushing. At the beginning, The head is fully engaged in the pelvis, The widest diameter of the head has passed, The fetal head then continues descent into the pelvis, Below the pubic arch and out through the vaginal opening. This is assisted by the additional maternal efforts of pushing. At this point, the woman will feel an intense.
Burning. complete expulsion of the baby signals the successful completion of the second stage of labour.Third stage , Placental expulsion begins as a physiological separation, From the wall of the uterus. The average time from delivery of the baby, Until complete expulsion of the placenta, Is estimated to be 1012 minutes, Placental expulsion can be managed actively, Or it can be managed expectantly, Allowing the placenta to be expelled without medical assistance. Active management in all vaginal deliveries, To help to prevent postpartum hemorrhage.