I’m Tash, and today we’ll be talking about exactly how you go about getting pregnant. Falling pregnant can be as simple as just having sex. But for many couples it’s not that simple however. Did you know that one in six couples has trouble conceiving? When we talk about problems with infertility we actually use two broad groups. We talk about the infertile group and the subfertile group. Infertile is like impossible meaning it could be because there’s no sperm, there is no vagina, there is no cervix, there is no uterus, there are no patent or open fallopian tubes, there are no ovaries, there are no eggs coming from the ovaries. When we talk about subfertile we’re meaning that perhaps there is some sperm,.
But there’s less of it or it’s not swimming properly. Perhaps the sperm can’t get through the cervix. Perhaps there’s a polyp inside the uterus. Perhaps there’s a problem with one of the fallopian tubes, there could be an adhesion or some scarring. Or perhaps the woman is ovulating, but she’s not doing it regularly. So that’s kind of the difference between subfertile and infertile. One is really quite impossible and the other one is more say probable. So what this means is that if you take 100 couples, 85 of them will be pregnant after one year, but then about 15 of them won’t and perhaps they need help. They may be infertile or subfertile.
Broadly speaking, in practice there are three different ways that a couple may conceive naturally, spontaneously through natural sexual intercourse, or with the assistance of a like myself and that’s in a laboratory where we use either intrauterine insemination or IVF. The way it all works is that an egg needs to meet the sperm. Now, you have to get the timing right and what that means is you have to have sex at the right time. Now, you can have sex every single day minus three or four days and if those three or four days fall around your fertile window you won’t conceive. So it’s really important to know when to have sex at the right time.
If you have sex at the right time, imagine you’re a sperm. You’ve entered the vagina, you’ve been one of those very few sperm that have actually made it through the cervix because the cervix has mucus and the mucus can actually be quite receptive to sperm or not receptive at all. It’s a bit like a stop sign, stop and start. When the cervix is quite receptive you’ll have the go sign. It will go. The sperm will move through the uterus. Then the sperm has to be swimming through the uterus and then what it has to do is find either right or left exit because, as you know, only one ovary has a go every month and it’s very important for that egg and sperm to meet in the right spot. Now, that right spot, where is it? It’s.
In the fallopian tube. And at the same time they have to see each other, they have to have signals from one another. The sperm knows where the egg is, if it’s in the right tube. There are some critical time limits. After an egg has actually left the ovary after it has ovulated it only has about 12 to 24 hours to be fertilized. The sperm can hang around in the genital tract for about five to seven days, but the key thing there is the sperm needs to be there before the egg. So you’ve been trying now for a year to get pregnant and you’re still not pregnant. What do you do? Well, I think it’s important that you talk to somebody. Now that somebody could.
Be your GP or a specialist like a gynecologist. It’s very important that you get more information on why perhaps it is that you’re not conceiving. Is there anything that you can do naturally yourself at home to help you get pregnant? Because at the end of the day we all like to avoid any medical intervention. For many people medical intervention is necessary and unavoidable and thankfully there are options for you. One option is intrauterine insemination and what that involves is a man delivering sperm into a jar in a lab situation. That sperm is prepared, then put into a catheter. That catheter is then inserted into the woman’s uterus. That’s called intrauterine insemination. Another option is IVF. IVF stands for in vitro.
Fertilization. quot;In vitro,quot; glass in Latin, and you’ve probably seen a test tube in the lab when you were in high school perhaps. This is a test tube. Hence the term quot;test tube baby.quot; In vitro fertilization involves obtaining sperm from a man and at the same time you obtain eggs from a woman. Once we have obtained those eggs and that sperm we then put them together in a dish. We hope to make embryos when we’ve done in vitro fertilization. That’s the purpose. We’re creating embryos. Embryos may often sit in a little dish like this and they’re incubated, they’re kind of nursed in a lab for a number of days. The aim then.